process for occupational analysis involves local men and women with
reputations for being the “top performers” at their jobs, working on a
short-term committee assignment with a qualified DACUM facilitator.
Workers are recruited directly from business and industry. These
workers become the Panel of Experts who collectively and cooperatively
describe the occupation in the language of the occupation.
Its use with many companies, community
colleges, and government agencies has shown the process to be very
effective, quickly accomplished, and low cost.
works under the guidance of a trained facilitator for two days to develop
the DACUM Research Chart. The chart contains a list of general areas
of competence called DUTIES and the TASKS that define that duty.
Brainstorming techniques are used to obtain the collective expertise and
consensus of the Panel. As the Panel determines each task, it is
written on a card. The cards are attached to the wall in front of
the Panel. The completed chart is a graphic profile of the duties
and tasks performed by successful workers in the occupation.
also identifies the general knowledge and skills required of successful
workers, the tools, equipment, supplies, and materials used, the important
worker behaviors essential for success, and the future trends and concerns
likely to cause job changes. The process produces superior results
for all levels - skilled, technical, supervisory, managerial, companies,
community colleges, and professional organizations.
multiple and subordinate uses such as Management Decision-Making,
Human Resources/Organizational Development, Career Planning/Advising,
Learner Assessment, certification and licensure. The process can be used for job analysis,
occupational analysis, process analysis, functional analysis, and
An abbreviation for Developing
A job occupational analysis performed by
expert workers in the occupation
An occupational skill profile which can be
used for instructional program planning, curriculum
development, training materials development, organizational
restructuring, employee recruitment, training needs
assessment, meeting ISO 9000 standards, career counseling,
job descriptions, competency test development, and other
The DACUM philosophy states that:
- Expert workers can describe
and define their jobs more accurately than anyone else.
- An effective way to define a
job is to precisely describe the tasks that expert workers
- All tasks, in order to be
performed correctly, require certain knowledge, skills, tools,
and worker behaviors.